Nonverbal Communication - The Highway to Profitable Relationship

Researchers of interpersonal communication have discovered that solely 7% of the attitudinal which means of a message comes from phrases and 93% from nonverbal references.

Every of us, typically in our lives, could have been watching over a clever particular person's clarification that he didn't hold to the work plan or to maintain his cost obligations, and mentioned to others what this man says is logical however my internal one Thoughts says it's not true, and in the end seems to be true. This internal thoughts might be nothing greater than your eyes, who've been unconsciously watching the liar's physique language. The liar could have unconsciously proven this habits in a number of seconds, however your eyes with out your information could have made sense by grouping collectively such behaviors and observing their match. What the liar has proven is the physique language that exhibits itself with out his information. The physique language, which differs from the verbal expressions and is displayed with out written or oral phrases, is "non-verbal communication". Based on Mary Ellen Guffey, nonverbal communication contains all unwritten and voiceless messages, each intentional and unintentional.

Nonverbal communication dietary supplements verbal communication in that the latter doesn't have full which means. Physique language and verbal language match collectively with out the information of the mom tongue being expressed, which is meant. Verbal language might be manipulated, however physique language can't. The physique expresses its language as a result of it has been conditioned since its physique form. Every of us has additionally unconsciously discovered to learn the physique language of the opposite particular person. On the one hand, the liar could skillfully lie for very compelling causes, however, he could look to the bottom, keep away from direct eye contact with the listener, put his finger on the lips or communicate in a subdued voice. Our eyes observe this incongruent nonverbal physique language of the liar and doubt what the liar verbally says.

Symbols and indicators of physique language have extra than simply which means, with every which means being relevant in line with context and tradition. Physique language is obscure and infrequently confuses the method of understanding as a result of it's not correct and common. However physique language is louder and extra important, with out which the message shall be uninteresting and can't convey. Based on Birdwhistle, physique language and spoken language are interdependent. The spoken language alone doesn't give the complete which means of what an individual says, nor does physique language alone give full which means. If we solely hearken to the phrases, if somebody speaks, it may be a distortion, if we solely hear the physique language (Quick Julius, physique language, Pocket Books, a division of Simon and Schuster Inc.). New York, 1970, p. 108).

Understanding the physique language saves the lifetime of a boy

Julius Quick (Quick Julius, Physique Language, Pocket Books, a division of Simon and Schuster Inc., New York, 1970, pp. 105-107) is a life story of a seventeen-year-old depressive boy named Don. The boy met repeatedly with a therapist and mentioned he would finish his life. However he didn't commit suicide. One evening, when the boy met the therapist, he dressed sloppily, his face was pale, and he sat listless, his arms crossed and his eyes obscure. As he moved, his actions had been tight and restricted. He was passive and slumped when he got here to relaxation. Don was the final affected person for the evening. The therapist didn't wish to see Don as a result of Don was late and the workplace hours had been over. The drained therapist mentioned the session was closed for the day and he informed him to come back the following day. The boy mentioned in excessive weariness and despair that in a flat, passive and lifeless method, there can be no subsequent day for him, which means that he would end his life correctly that evening. The therapist answered that he had heard such suicide declarations within the final six weeks, however nothing like that occurred. Don left the workplace instantly after the therapist refused to talk with him.

However the therapist felt responsible for refusing to see Don. This was all of the extra in order the general image of Don was fully completely different that evening, and he thought that he actually meant suicide, although he had mentioned the identical factor within the final six weeks. Undoubtedly, the therapist rushed to the affected person's dwelling, although it was late at evening. By the point the therapist reached Don's home, the bottle of sleeping drugs had already been emptied and Don was half asleep. The therapist informed Don's dad and mom to name the household physician dwelling to wash Don's abdomen after which that Save lives of Don. The therapist understood the physique language of the Don, though the oral language was the identical each six weeks.

Significance of Nonverbal Communication and Their Understanding

It's a repetition that the non-verbal language is a vital and integral a part of the message. With or without a mistaken type of it you cannot ship the message or presumably ship a mistaken message.

To offer an instance during which a false message is found, it have to be famous that standard analysis finds that the eyes turn into wider when one sees a liked one or a nice sight. This discovering proved very helpful. To call a particular objective and to find out the effectiveness of the newly developed promotional copy, the crew has been commissioned to judge it and shows the promoting copy of a pattern of the audience. The crew measures the prolonged eyes of the viewers when it comes into contact with the brand new copy.

In addition they ask them how fascinating it's simply to correlate such verbal responses with eye dilation. An interviewee's oral reply that contradicts eye dilation is rejected as a non-response, as oral solutions are understandably not trustworthy. Eye dilation acts like a polygraph on this case. The purpose right here is that non-verbal language may be very first rate and demanding. A mistaken message is detected and hacked. An individual who's accustomed to nuances of physique language can't be cheated by any cheater with verbal logic as a result of he can distinguish the proper message from the mistaken one.

The non-verbal language unconsciously expresses the feelings and emotions of a person that testify to the communicant's convictions and honesty. A listener with or with out information of the nuance of physique language can estimate the accuracy of the message to take additional motion on the given message. Equally, a speaker with information of physique language can talk extra successfully by displaying acceptable physique gestures.

In sure instances, physique language is extra acceptable than oral communication. To direct the speaker's consideration to a particular level, a listener would carry his hand, which is easy, prompt, and handy.

When an aged particular person must catch the attention of an unlucky boy who's simply stepping on a dwell and uninsulated electrical cable that has fallen onto the pedestrian lane, the previous claps and gestures to the latter.

A physician who examines the affected person for bodily ache by squeezing, urgent or stroking the physique expects the affected person to point the factors of ache and the diploma of ache by loud murmurs.

A trainer or public speaker is extra valued and his message is properly understood provided that he makes use of acceptable physique language, together with drama and dance. Equally, relationships are established when the communication is trustworthy and emotional, which might finest be understood and understood solely when the suitable physique language is displayed concurrently.

Sonya Hamlin made a really brief distinction between phrases and physique language, which is introduced under (Hamlin, Sonya, How To Hear, Harper Collins Publishers India Pvt. Restricted, New Delhi, 1989, pp. 58-59).

Physique language and phrases should match collectively to successfully specific a message. Physique language is uncontrollable and can't be edited and is extra dependable than phrases. Mastery of physique language is essential to conveying or understanding a message.

Typology of nonverbal language

As a way to absolutely and accurately perceive the nonverbal language, one should first attempt to classify that language. Physique language might be labeled as follows.

Kinesics, gestures, facial expressions together with smiles and occulesics

haptics

Proxemics, Area Language, Deictics

Paralanguage, Vocalics

signal language

Olfaktiken

Chronemiken

Here's a detailed dialogue of every of the nonverbal language varieties talked about above.

Kinesics

Kinesics offers with physique actions which are brought on by muscle and skeletal displacements and that specific one thing consciously or unconsciously. This contains all bodily actions, automated reflexes, posture, facial expressions, gestures and different physique actions. The phrases physique language, gesture language, organ language, and many others. are used to explain kinesics.

Ekman and Friesen have divided kinesics into the next 5 subcategories. Emblems are nonverbal alerts which have direct verbal translations, similar to: B. Thumbs up OK, index finger and center finger of the proper hand, the place the V signal means Victory and so forth. Illustrators are some gestures, z a specific place. These gestures are carried out concurrently with the verbal language to make the which means clearer.

Feelings are such gestures that specific internal emotions, like a clenched fist displaying hostility or protection, a bent posture that factors to submission and depressed head melancholy. Regulators are the gestures as they had been used to go or cease. Sign in dialog. If the final phrase is spoken aloud with stress, it signifies that the opposite participant has to drop his name. Equally, acceptable alerts are used to inform the opposite particular person to talk quicker, slower, cease, communicate louder. Adapters are the physique actions which are used to adapt to the scenario. For instance, a boring youngster wiggles his toes to neutralize the impact of boredom, which has no approach out however to tolerate it for a while.

Physique actions might be labeled in gestures, handshakes, postures and facial expressions. Gestures embody displaying and positioning fingers and legs in varied kinds, tilting the trunk, head, and different organs, in addition to their actions in numerous instructions.

Gestures and attitudes

When new individuals meet new individuals in a enterprise scenario, we are able to observe the next physique language among the many individuals concerned. The interpretation of any sort of physique language when it comes to varied potential meanings can be introduced in opposition to every of those gestures. (Hamlin, Sonya, How one can Communicate for Folks to Hear, Harper Collins Publishers India Pvt.Restricted, New Delhi, 1989, pp. 143-144.)

Sitting on the entrance seat edge: stress or nervousness.
Reclining on the seat: It could be an try to be relaxed, however there could also be different causes.
Change positions: anxious and uncomfortable or impatient.

Folded Fingers: Nervous or tense.

Open and relaxed fingers: one that fully controls the scenario.

Fumbling with objects: Overflowing of bodily power or unsafe.

Armrests clasp: stress and a scenario that requires assist.

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a) Mehrabian directive of immediacy states that the open physique and arm place, the ahead leaning relaxed posture, and the contact improve the perceived sympathy. Individuals who attempt to persuade others typically use these direct contacts. & # 39;

b) Excessive positioned individuals present a extra relaxed posture.

c) O Connor discovered that folks perceived as leaders in small teams present extra gestures.

d) Leaders use extra shoulders and arm gestures. Followers make related gestures to look snug within the group setting.

e) Research by Ekman and Friesen have proven that ft and legs typically present actual emotions. Liars discovered to regulate facial expressions.

f) Counselors imitate their shoppers in physique actions to look extra carefully and agree. Such copying of attitudes would result in self-discovery of the shoppers, which is important for correct counseling.

g) Nancy Henley mentioned the air of a person reveals his place in life. & # 39; Being tall helps an individual obtain dominance. & # 39;

h) Albert Mehrabian mentioned that individuals who play a subordinate position mirror this by reducing their heads, and those that assume increased roles present this by elevating their heads.

facial expressions

Eyes, mouth and face are the three principal rules of facial features. Eyes create glances or stares, and the mouth creates a smile or attracts corners of the mouth up or down to specific completely different meanings or emotions or emotions. The face modifications shapes or strikes in numerous instructions to speak completely different messages.

We've 80 facial muscle tissue that produce greater than 7000 facial expressions. Based on Demond W. Evany, facial expressions embody the kinds listed under.

1.Cautions forwards and downwards

2. Eyebrows - placing on or knitting or furrows.

3. Eyelids - opening, closing and narrowing.

4. Eye pupil dilatation

5. Eyes up, down, look, maintain or keep away from eye contact.

6. Nasal nostrils wider.

7.Facial muscle tissue - pulled up or down, to smile or clench the enamel.

8.Lips - smile, pursue, fed.

9. Open mouth large, retracted, half open.

10. Licking lips, shifting within the cheeks, sucking enamel.

11. Pose the jaw / chin forwards and downwards.

12. Throwing head backwards, tilted to at least one facet, hanging down, chin drawn inward, chin tilted upwards. (Rayudu, CS, Communications, Himalaya Publishing Home, Mumbai, 2006, pp. 225-226).

There are principally six kinds of facial expressions which are common and might be present in all cultures. Happiness is expressed by way of spherical eyes, a smile and stylish checks. Disgust expresses itself by way of the wrinkled nostril, the lowered eyelids and the eyebrow and the raised higher lip. Nervousness is represented by spherical eyes and open mouth. Anger is indicated by decrease eyebrows and sharp eyes. Shock manifests itself by way of an eyebrow, wide-open eyes and an open mouth. Unhappiness is mirrored by way of the realm across the mouth and eyes.

We are going to first focus on the usage of eyes in communication. It's also known as Occultics. In literature, we frequently come throughout phrases that describe the actions and adjectives of the eyes, similar to: You'll be able to present completely different feelings and convey completely different messages. Increase, blink, stretch, stare, half-stare, stare to the facet, and many others. are among the acquainted shapes that the attention can remodel into.

Julius Quick says we don't stare at individuals, which is offensive. We reserve ourselves just for non-persons. The non-persons embody museum displays, zoo animals, workers, kids, actors throughout use, and many others. (Quick Julius, Physique Language, Pocket Books, a division of Simon and Schuster Inc., New York, 1970, p. 130 - 131).

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1) After we're considering one thing, our blink fee goes down and our eyes begin to broaden. If we don't like one thing, our eyes tighten. & # 39;

2) Argyle and Dean say eye contact with somebody requires interplay and dedication

3) At a desk, those that have probably the most eye contact alternatives are prone to turn into a frontrunner.

4) When individuals are in circles, they speak to them throughout the room extra typically than with them as a result of they've probably the most alternatives for eye contact.

Views of their varied kinds can convey the which means of affection, hate, carelessness, respect, belief and dishonesty and studying.

Smile is a typical and unconscious type of communication. Smile expresses happiness, invitation to interplay, good will and greeting. Smile improves the face worth. A smiling particular person is welcome in every single place. There are particular coaching packages designed to offer a smile to staff in direct contact with the general public and clients. The necessity for such coaching is felt in additional bureaucratic organizations, similar to public corporations, that are more and more confronted with fierce competitors from multinationals with good buyer relationships. Whereas the favored impression in regards to the smile is optimistic, the smile has detrimental shapes and unsightly nuances. Prof. Asha Kaul has named three kinds of smiles (Kaul, Asha, Enterprise Communication, Tenth Printing, Prentice Corridor of India, New Delhi, 2004, pp. 86-88). They're a felt smile, a depressing smile and a false smile.

Felt smiles are actual and an expression of appreciation. Eyes additionally affirm the appreciative smile. Within the honest smile, there's an upturn of the lips and corners of the mouth, although the mouth is closed. One other type of actual smile in a nice encounter or greeting is when the higher enamel are uncovered to simultaneous eye contact. The third sort of honest smile is the one which expresses the joke humor. In that smile, the smile widens unexpectedly to blow up into loud laughter. A depressing smile, the second type of smile, is that with half a mouth and displays dissatisfaction and disillusionment. It arises from a compelled presentation of many feelings. The third, false smile is sarcastic, restricted solely to the lips and is indicated by a slight uplift within the mouth.

Face is the index of an individual who can specific many feelings and emotions. An individual who can perceive the modifications within the faces can perceive many hidden messages and take a special motion path primarily based on them.

haptics

Haptic or tactile communication & # 39; offers with the research of contact. Contact conveys a sure which means. Contact offers heat and love. Each residing factor, particularly canine and people, requires extra the contact of a loving hand when they're infants. Their physiological and psychological progress is set by the contact they expertise. A analysis research discovered that sufferers who had contact with one another for 15 minutes thrice a day gained 47% extra weight and had been in a position to go away the hospital six days earlier.

Contact not solely makes communication full and efficient, but additionally serves to persuade others of a brand new thought or observe. Julius Quick has received the guts of an overjoyed and infrequently annoying younger trainee in a session by touching him exterior the session in a nook as an alternative of displaying his bodily power, talents and sources.

Sidney Jarad, a psychologist, counts the typical variety of contacts per hour in working life in particular areas and located that there are 180 contacts in San Juan, Pueroto Richo, 110 in Paris, France, 2 Gainsville, Florida and zero in London, England , The typical variety of contact variants from tradition to tradition ([http://lynn_meade.tripod.com/id56.htm]). Contact, as we mentioned, is a method to convey heat and certainty, however touching individuals of the other intercourse could also be offensive in sure cultures.

The commonest contact is shaking fingers on a number of events, which shall be mentioned within the following sections.

handshake

Handshake signifies the character and angle of a person. Handshaking in an acceptable type have to be discovered and practiced within the company world, which frequently requires assembly and shaking fingers with individuals. Allow us to perceive the kinds of handshakes and their which means.
Asha Kaul has labeled handshakes in 5 methods. (Kaul, Asha, Enterprise Communication, Tenth Printing, Prentice Corridor of India, New Delhi, 2004, pp. 82-85). A quick point out of assorted handshakes and their significance is talked about right here.

a) Similar handshake: Equal urgent within the forwards and backwards motion is equal to the handshake. It means the sensation of equality with the opposite.

b) Weak handshake: With this handshake the fingers are unfastened and the strain is decrease. Weak handshakes point out a way of submission and inferiority.

c) Tight Grip: With the tight handshake, one particular person exerts extra strain than the opposite to understand that he's superior to the opposite.

d) Handshake of the politician: A politician shakes the hand of the voter with each fingers. It exhibits outward submission, however born out of honesty. In each instances, a handshake of each fingers might be a sign of warmth, which have to be decided utilizing different alerts similar to smile, and many others.

e) Casual handshake: In one of these handshake, the complete hand doesn't clasp the opposite and as an alternative only some fingers join the few fingers of the opposite.

Proxemien

Proxemics, theology, and area language are the assorted phrases used to explain how the area is managed by an individual round him in his dwelling or social surroundings or office. ET Corridor, a researcher, coined the phrase Proxemics in 1963 when he examined the best way a person makes use of private area. The way in which an individual makes use of their area promotes or hinders the communication relationship. The way in which you've got area round you communicates one thing. The additional one particular person strikes away from one other, the much less shut is the connection between them. The broader the area round an individual, the upper his social standing. Social standing determines the area and distance that a person maintains.

Everyone unconsciously defines his private space, which can be known as "private territory". He doesn't need him to invade somebody who forbids his few intimate relationships. He opposes anybody who tries to invade him by both shifting backwards or inserting a everlasting impediment similar to a big desk or dramatic chairs. He begins to hate an arbitrary intruder of his private territory. The officers within the rank of vice chairman have spacious rooms with espresso desk, mattress suite, non-public dialog room, guests & # 39; Lounge and many others.

The district choose has a large desk and two lengthy rows of chairs, which not solely accommodate many guests but additionally hold them at a distance. Whereas it was acknowledged within the precedent that the area is managed by the higher-ranking officers on a everlasting foundation, the rank of visiting officer is well-known for the best way during which he approaches the seated officer. Increased degree officers head straight and sit near the officer, whereas decrease cadres hold them at bay to tell the seated officer of their decrease cadre.

Dr. August F. Kinzel of the New York Psychiatric Institute has discovered that the violent habits of sure psychiatric sufferers is because of the invasion of non-public area. The psychiatrist sufferers attacked the others solely due to the truth that the individuals who had been supposedly harmless approached them. The sufferers had been threatened by the strategy to them. People and even animals have a private territory whose invasion resonates at any price. (Quick Julius, Physique Language, Pocket Books, a division of Simon and Schuster Inc., New York, 1970, pp. 46-47.)

ETHall has divided the casual area space into 4 classes. They're intimate area, private area, social area and public area.

The intimate area consists of a distance of half a foot (six inches) to at least one and a half ft (18 inches) from the speaker. It's a area the place individuals might be and hug. Secrets and techniques are shared on this room. On this space, intimidation and caregiving are normally proven between shut relationships or shut buddies. It isn't anticipated {that a} stranger will enter this room, and if he occurred to take action, he can be extraordinarily offensive.

The private area, which in flip consists of shut private distance and nice private distance, extends from one and a half ft to 4 ft. The shut private distance covers the space from one and a half ft to 2 and a half ft. The private distance ranges from two and a half ft to 4 ft. Shut private distance is open for a spouse or husband. Then again, at events or when two individuals meet on a road, they arrive to a distant private area, which is intimate, however not as intimate as a husband's spouse.

The social area extends from 4 ft to 12 ft. The social area may also be divided into slender and large areas. The close to area covers the space from 4 ft to seven ft and the large area from seven ft to 12 ft. In shut social distance, we carry out impersonal transactions, similar to speaking to a buyer or a housewife speaking to a locksmith. The huge social area is maintained for formal social or enterprise relationships. That is the space between a supervisor and an worker or between a receptionist and a customer. On this room, a continuing visible contact have to be maintained, in any other case misunderstandings could come up between the interacting individuals. This area helps individuals to loosen up and fulfill their private duties.

The general public area extends greater than three meters to the purpose the place the eyes might be reached. The general public area may also be divided into two elements - close to and much. A slender public area extends as much as 25 ft from twelve ft, whereas the general public area is greater than twenty-five ft away. A slender public area is used for casual conferences or for the lecture rooms held by lecturers or bosses within the dialogue of staff or staff. The huge public area is the area held between politicians and the general public, or the space that have to be stored by wild animals that will in any other case threaten and invade the intruder.

The area maintained by a person round him and the space others observe point out his standing and the standing of others perceived by him. The room communicates extra brazenly about its standing as spoken verbal messages.

para Language

Paralanguage, also referred to as vocal music, means the variations in which means that end result from the emphasis on completely different phrases, the change in tone, pitch, rhythm, quantity, pause, supply pace, and so forth.

For instance, learn the next sentence by altering the word-to-word emphasis.

1. I'm doing MBA in Hyderabad.

2. I'm doing MBA in Hyderabad.

3. I'm doing MBA in Hyderabad.

4. I'm doing MBA in Hyderabad.

5. I'm doing MBA in Hyderabad.

Within the first sentence, when the main target is on "I," it could imply that I'm completely different from others, and solely I (and never others) do an MBA in Hyderabad. Within the second sentence, if the main target is on "on", it could imply that I'm an MBA and never idle. Within the third motion, which focuses on doing, it could imply that I work exhausting at MBA and do nothing else. Within the fourth sentence, which focuses on "MBA," it will probably imply that MBA is a superb course, and I do it. Within the fifth sentence & # 39; Hyderabad & # 39; It's emphasised that the MBA course in Hyderabad units itself aside from the others and I do it.

Paralanguage might be divided into many parts similar to pitch, tone, inflection, quantity, rhythm and articulation.

Pitch repeats with the frequency of observe one by way of the voice. The pitch is neither loud nor quiet. Excessive and low tones can both be loud or quiet. In der tiefen Tonlage werden die Stimmakkorde kurz und angespannt gehalten, während in der hohen Tonlage die Stimmakkorde lang und entspannt sind. Hohe Tonhöhe wird verwendet, wenn eine Individual angespannt ist, und niedrige Tonhöhe, wenn sie entspannt ist. Der höchste Pitch wird eingesetzt, wenn ein Individuum hoch und extrem begeistert ist. Die niedrigste Tonhöhe wird verwendet, wenn eine sehr und sehr ernst ist.

Der Ton spiegelt die Haltung des Sprechers wider. Der Ton kann direkt, befehlend, laut, hart, abstoßend, weich, tröstlich, scharf, ausgelassen sein usw.

Flexion ist die Änderung der Stimme, um Schlüsselwörter oder Phrasen zu betonen oder zu strecken oder vor einem Wort oder einer Phrase zu pausieren.

Lautstärke ist Lautstärke oder Zartheit der Stimme. Die Lautstärke wird je nach State of affairs geändert. Es wird zum Beispiel erwartet, dass ein Untergebene in einer Besprechungsbesprechung vor einem überlegenen und einem hohen Aufkommen in geringerem Umfang spricht.

Wie Pitch, Lautstärke usw. ist auch die Geschwindigkeit oder das Tempo der Lieferung Teil der Paralanguage. Schnelle Lieferung bedeutet Enthusiasmus oder Dringlichkeit, während langsame Lieferung Entspannung oder Nachdenklichkeit bedeutet. Ebenso sind Pausen oder Stottern Teil der Paralanguage, die Einfluss auf die Kommunikation haben.

Zeichensprache

Die Zeichensprache umfasst die Schilder an Flughäfen, Bahnhöfen, Bushaltestellen, auf den Autobahnen angezeigten Verkehrsschildern usw., auf denen die verschiedenen Passagiereinrichtungen angegeben sind, Test-In- und Test-Out-Anweisungen, die in bestimmten Bereichen zu beachtende Einschränkung, bevorstehende Stationen auf der Weg, Kurven, Brücken, Geschwindigkeit, die an bestimmten Stellen eingehalten werden soll usw. Die Zeichensprache umfasst auch die Zeichen, die mit Fingern und Händen gemacht werden, wie Daumen nach oben, Daumen nach unten, Bildung von & # 39; V & # 39; mit mittleren und Zeigefingern, winkenden Händen, während Sie einen Freund an einem Bahnhof oder Busbahnhof abschicken usw.

Chronemiken

Chronemik ist die Sprache der Zeit. Wenn Sie versprechen, zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt zu einem bestimmten Ort zu gelangen, und wenn Sie es sogar nur ein paar Sekunden gehalten haben, zeigen Sie damit an, dass Sie es ernst meinen oder dass Sie diszipliniert sind. Es kann auch bedeuten, dass Sie keinen anderen Job haben. Es kann auch verstanden werden, dass Sie eine Sprosse niedriger sind als die Individual, die Sie treffen müssen. Die Zeitsprache hat, obwohl sie kulturgebunden ist, ihre spezifische Bedeutung, die entweder positiv oder negativ sein kann.

In Indien überspringen Politiker die Verfahrenspläne, die sie selbst festlegen, als Zeichen dafür, dass sie als Politiker mit vielen Anliegen beschäftigt sind, und dies ist ein Image ihrer Überlegenheit. Wenn Sie in den USA oder in Europa keinen Termin einhalten, insbesondere im Geschäftsleben, wird ein derartiger Misserfolg so ernst genommen, dass Sie den Umgang mit derselben Partei wieder vergessen können.

Durch die Einhaltung von Terminen und Zeitplänen werden Standing, Seriosität und Ehrlichkeit kommuniziert. Gewohnheitsbedingter Misserfolg bei Terminen und Terminplänen Indisziplin, unorganisierte Lebensweise und Respektlosigkeit gegenüber der betrachteten Angelegenheit. Der Punkt, den wir hier machen, ist, dass die Zeit, die aufbewahrt wird oder anderweitig eine bestimmte Bedeutung hat, obwohl sie nicht verbal ausgedrückt wird.

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